Zinc Borate is an inorganic compound, a
borate of zinc. It is a white crystalline or amorphous powder
insoluble in water. Its toxicity is low. Its melting point is
Zinc borate is primarily used as a flame retardant in plastics and cellulose fibers, paper, rubbers and textiles. It is also used in paints, adhesives, and pigments. As a flame retardant, it can replace antimony trioxide as a synergist in both halogen-based and halogen-free systems. It is an anti-dripping and char-promoting agent, and suppresses the afterglow. In electrical insulator plastics it suppresses arcing and tracking.
In halogen-containing systems, zinc borate is used together with antimony trioxide and alumina trihydrate. It catalyzes formation of char and creates a protective layer of glass. Zinc catalyzes the release of halogens by forming zinc halides and zinc oxyhalides.
In halogen-free system, zinc borate can be used together with alumina trihydrate, magnesium hydroxide, red phosphorus,or ammonium polyphosphate. While burning the plastics, a porous borate ceramics is formed that protects the underlying layers. In presence of silica, borosilicate glass can be formed at plastic burning temperatures.
Zinc borate is used in polyvinyl chloride, polyolefins, polyamides, epoxy resins, polyesters, thermoplastic elastomers, rubbers, etc. It is also used in some intumescent systems.
Zinc borate has synergistic effect with zinc phosphate or barium borate as a corrosion inhibitor pigment.
Zinc borate acts as a broad-spectrum fungicide in plastics and wood products.
Zinc borate can be used as a flux in some ceramics. In electrical insulators it improves the ceramics properties.
Nanopowder zinc borate can be used for the applications above, and also for improving the frictional properties of lubricating oils.
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